Access routes are created to transport harvested timber from the forest to the respective loading areas. These tracks are usually unpaved roads which are maintained or kept available for long periods for accessing forest stands.
Infrastructure measures are any measures that are used to build and maintain infrastructures. Among other things, those include complete or selective clearing or land management in preparation for infrastructure construction work.
Surface vegetation acts as a fuel source and greatly increases the risk of fire and the speed of spread.
After thinning or clear felling in forest management, harvesting residues are often left behind in the worked areas, which prevent the regrowth of young trees and plants.
By mulching these residues, a layer of shredded biomass is spread over the soil, which has a positive effect on the vegetation.
In general, the problem starts with a few "weak" trees that are infested by pests. Over time, the infestation spreads and the damage grows. For this reason, selected trees should be removed from the forest as quickly as possible.
The phrase "land clearing" involves a range of different applications and terms. In many cases, site clearance refers to secondary vegetation clearance and clearance for construction. This may involve forest clearance for areas intended for use such as wind farms, parks, road construction or golf courses.
Re-cultivation is the exploitation of land for economic purposes, such as plantations or agriculture. Soil preparation is a common feature of this process.
The plantation industry involves a variety of applications. These range from forestry plantations with eucalyptus, pines and similar, to Christmas tree stands and short rotation plantations, oil palm plantations and fruit plantations such as pineapple, bananas, apples, etc.
Line maintenance involves keeping electricity and overhead cables, underground cables, pipelines and railway lines clear.
The areas which need to be kept clear are often difficult to access.
This often refers to stump milling, tree stump shredding or root stock recycling. This may involve root stock processing with a stump grinder on site and leaving the ground material behind.